MAKING ACRYLIC SHEETS BUSINESS IN UGANDA

By: wmutenza0 comments

Introduction

Acrylic sheet are used in manufacturing of scales, set square stencils, transparent covers of instruments, neon and fancy lighting signboards, fancy tables, storage boxes, floppy diskette, shelves for audio cassettes and other novelty items. They have good weather resistance with highly durable optical clarity, high strength-toweight ratio, good dimensional stability, good thermo-formability, etc. it costs US$ 15950 with a capacity 31200kg annually and estimated revenues are US$ 433056 per annum

Production process

In manufacturing process, a mixture of regenerated and virgin methyl methacrylate monomer is used to affect economy of operation. To obtain the regenerated polymer, the acrylic scrap is heated with certain chemicals to about 4000- 4500 C in a mild steel distillation still placed on a open fire or a furnace and fitted with a condenser and collecting flask. The heating operation results in cracking polymetyl methacrylate into crude methyl methacrylate monomer, which, after vaporizing, gets condensed and is collected in a tank, is redistilled to obtain the pure regenerated monomer.

A mixture of the virgin monomer and regenerated monomer is mixed with the desired catalyst of benzyl peroxide and heated. After a desired degree of polymerization, the viscous mass is cooled, mixed with pearl essence colours and poured into moulds. The moulds are filled with pre-polymerization mass and heated, finally they are dipped in a hot water bath to complete the polymerization. On complete polymerization, the sheets are cut into required sizes and covered with paper sheets.

 

Capital Investment Requirement in US $

Item Units Qty Price Total
Acrylic scrap depolmerization unit No 1 2,000 2,000
SS distillation still No 2 1,000 2,000
Coal fired boiler No 2 3,200 6,400
Water storage tanks No 2 550 1100
Glass sheet moulds No 1 2,000 2,000
Acrylic sheet cutter machine No 1 1250 1250
Water circulation pumps No 4 300 1,200
TC of Machinery & Tools       15,950

Production and Operating costs in US $ General Costs (Overheads)

Cost Item Units @ Qty/ day Pdn cost/ day Pdn cost/ mth Pdn cost/ yr
Direct Costs            
Acrylic scrap kgs 70 3.21 225 5842 70,106
Methyl methacrylate monomer ltrs 45 0.16 7.2 187.2 2,246
Benzyl peroxide ltrs 37 0.1 3.7 96.2 1154.4
calcium chloride kgs 20 0.96 19.2 499.2 5,990
Pearl essence& Colour ltrs 7 0.22 1.54 40.04 480.48
Stearic acid ltrs 70 0.31 21.7 564.2 141
Packaging material pkts 4 3.21 12.8 334 4,006
Sub-total       293 7,607 84,652
Labour 1,200 14,400
Selling & distribution 100 1,200
Utilities (Water, power) 500 6,000
Administration 100 1,200
Rent 400 4,800
Miscellaneous expenses 150 1,800
Depreciation 332.33 3,988
Sub-total 2,782 33,388
Total Operating Costs 10,388.8 118,040

Project product costs and Price Structure in US $

Item Qty/ day Qty/ yr @ Pdn cost/yr UPx TR
Acrylic Sheets 100 31,200 3.47 108,264 4 433,056

Profitability Analysis in US $

Profitability Item Per day Per month Per year
Revenue 1388 36,088 433,056
Less: Production and operating costs 378.33 9,837 118,040
Profit 1009.7 26,251 315,016

Source of Equipment

It can be locally made by Tonet Ltd, Kanyanya, Gayaza Rd or imported.

 

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